Nov 17, 2017 · Fifth disease is the most common illness caused by parvovirus B19 infection. Learn More. Parvovirus B19 infection can cause painful or swollen joints (polyarthropathy syndrome), which is more common in adults. It can also cause the body to temporarily stop making new red blood cells. This can lead to severe anemia and other complications, but.
Adults do not get Fifth Disease, but can present with joint pain often with a history of exposure to a child with Fifth Disease. Healthy adults may also have a mild temporary anemia due to Parvovirus, but this is usually subclinical because healthy individuals have a “reserve” of red blood cells.
Teenagers and adults may present with a self-limited arthritis. It manifests in painful swelling of the joints that feels similar to arthritis. Older children and adults with fifth disease may have difficulty in walking and in bending joints such as wrists, knees, ankles, fingers, and shoulders.Specialty: Infectious disease.